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AI-Powered Building Information Modeling

By CIOReview | Monday, June 17, 2019

FREMONT, CA:  Artificial intelligence (AI) has occupied a significant market space in recent years. It’s proliferating with a lightning pace across the industries. Building information modeling (BIM) is gaining almost similar grounds in the construction industry.

BIM operates with an inherently interconnected platform that enables information sharing and fosters visibility across the project. BIM has helped engineers, architects, developers, and contractors to collaborate better and work for the bigger picture. With AI technology ubiquitous across the industries, the next question would be—can it contribute to construction too?

BIM software generates a massive amount of data that are difficult to be managed manually. Consulting firms have set up entire divisions committed to figuring out the collection, storage, and organization of data. Data collected from various sources such as models, simulations, and physical elements like sensors can help in transforming the design process. According to an industry expert, after the completion of a project, a large amount of data (approx. 95 percent) is disposed of rather than analyzed for optimizations and future assessments.

Potential of AI Technology in Construction

After the data compilation and organization, it’s imperative to move on to computation. With AI, several algorithms can generate solutions for complicated problems. An evolutionary algorithm is especially suited for developing design challenges. As per their name, they thrive by imitating the biological evolution of a project. Thus the evolutionary algorithms are gaining importance among the designers, artists, and architects. Evolutionary algorithms also help in problem-solving by optimizing things like cross-sections, structural topography, and material selection.

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Using AI for Better Constructions

Though there are various opinions on the potential of AI in construction, it's inevitable that AI will transform the roles of different personnel involved in the construction industry. AI will remove a considerable workload from the architects. However, AI should not be considered a threat that will eliminate the human requirement from the workforce. Instead, it should be seen as a tool that will evolve the skill sets of professionals while ensuring a smooth workflow and constructing efficient buildings.

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