Block chain Technology to Enhance Airport Operations
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Block chain Technology to Enhance Airport Operations

By CIOReview | Thursday, August 18, 2022

Security and identity, flight data management, safety and maintenance, luggage and cargo tracking, regulatory compliance, and more are all areas where blockchain technology could be useful in the airport industry.

FREMONT, CA: Blockchain technology is a practically impossible-to-hack, alter, or decrypt information storage system. The information is stored in timestamped chunks and travels in a developing data loop maintained by a computer network. Blockchain systems prevent data from being altered or wiped.

Blockchain technology can significantly impact the aviation industry as one of the world's most sophisticated and structured businesses. It is anticipated that introducing blockchain technology in the aviation industry will enhance transit economy, safety, and data management. This article concentrates on airport applications, although various blockchain applications exist in the aviation industry.

Hundreds of thousands of domestic and international travelers pass through airports daily, making them the nation's entrance points. Multiple security checks and safety levels are performed in airport terminals to ensure people's and property's safety and defend the nation's security. Airport authorities and contractors acquire and utilize sensitive information on flight planning, covert missions, employment records, passenger data, air traffic statistics, financial data, cargo, etc. For the safety of personnel, passengers, equipment, infrastructure, and overall operations, it is essential to centralize and protect all information.

Blockchain technology has the following critical applications in airport operations:

Monitoring of baggage and freight

The use of blockchain technology is crucial for tracking the status and location of luggage, as well as passenger identification information. Implementing blockchain in air cargo will enhance flight performance and accelerate cargo delivery from origin to destination. Instead of a luggage tag, the airline will use a tracking device and connect it to luggage for real-time tracking, reducing the chance of lost luggage. As a result of this improvement, air freight supply chain management will be more efficient.

Identity authentication

Identity verification is one of the most intriguing characteristics of blockchain technology because the data is unchangeable and challenging to hack. Implementing blockchain technology for identity verification could increase safety and security. According to new COVID-19 regulations and the FAA's NextGen initiative, embracing contactless boarding and check-in at worldwide airports will benefit from identity verification using blockchain. Because blockchain technology eliminates data breaches, all information regarding tickets, biometric data, travel history, and medical history will be instantly accessible. This enhancement will drastically reduce airport wait times and total flight duration and add a layer of security to aviation operations.

Improving collaboration

Airports are a hub for airlines and other businesses directly or indirectly. This comprises contractors for ground handling, catering, regulatory authorities, the government, and air traffic control organizations. These businesses must interact for operational efficiencies and on-time performance. A blockchain is a crucial component of this application since the data is executed collectively using blocks rather than having separate programs for each party. For instance, the typical turnaround time for an airliner at an international airport is forty minutes; delaying aircraft results in fines and a loss of reputation. By implementing blockchain, all stakeholders and participating companies would access pertinent data to boost on-time performance.