How big data is helping in building a smart city

By CIOReview | Monday, November 26, 2018

The technology, big data has the potential to be the foundation of making a smart-city. Big data enables businesses to make appropriate strategic moves and decisions by analyzing huge sets of data. Big data analysis is implemented to get through large volumes of data to uncover patterns and get insights to extract information.

Information and communication technology (ICT) plays an integral role in making smart cities by making data which are collected through information technology components available. The technology also named as IoT (internet of things), works by communicating between connected devices by exchanging data through the internet, wireless connections, and other communication mediums. In the process of making smart cities, IoT devices fetch data and implement it in a particular area. The sensors and connected devices collect data from gateways installed in the smart-city and analyze the data for better decision-making.   

Following are some of the ways how big data is applied to make the foundation of a smart-city:

Security: Citizens’ safety is one of the top priorities in a city in any scenario. In any case of troubles, predictive analysis helps to handle the situation by recognizing when and where crimes are likely to happen by the study of historical and geographical data.

Planning: The sensors installed in the city help to have a clear picture of what is lacking in the city and how to improve it. A city needs mapping infrastructure to pinpoint where development is needed to become a smart one.

Transport: Traffic problem is one of the transportation problems a city has. This problem can be managed by big data by analyzing data, collected from transport authorities. Big data tools study about the patterns causing the traffic congestion. It helps transport authorities with an intelligent way of reducing the problem.

Future proofing: Urbanization makes a city smarter. Automation should be used to handle traffic routine with real-time management and monitoring. Data collected from various sources should be used with high efficiency and less wastage. 

Big data plays an intrinsic role in the processing of data collection through IoT devices. Big data also helps in the future analysis to recognize the patterns and needs in the city. There’s produce a huge amount of data in the making of a smart city which should be used effectively in the development process of the place.