How to Tackle Frequent Shutdown Problems in Windows Firewall

By CIOReview | Tuesday, September 20, 2016

Device security follows in the footsteps of detective novel, where the villain commits the crime and the detective solves the mystery by hunting them down. In case of desktops and laptops, threats become a mystery and to resolve it, a robust security firewall should act as a detective. Moreover, Windows Firewall monitors and controls the incoming and outgoing network traffic flow in the system. It creates a barrier between a trusted, secured internal network and external networks such as internet that are not secured.

The need for enabling firewall system

Windows Firewall notifies users about any suspicious activity triggered by a virus or worm trying to connect to the PC. It also helps remove the harmful software from the system and prevent hackers from remotely downloading such software to the PC. In addition, Windows Firewall removes the unsolicited traffic that tries to communicate over a network connection.

Enabling firewall requires certain steps to be followed. Firstly, single firewall software should be enabled at a time and should disable any other security program installed with its own firewall settings. The process involves navigating through the control panel and then choosing system and security. Then, click on Windows Firewall; the firewall can be turned on by choosing on the left navigation pane. Finally, click on customize setting now and ok.

Causes for automatic  shutdown of Windows Firewall

The firewall should be uptime running on the computer. If it is disabled automatically, these are some of the causes.

Settings being managed by group policy: Connecting the computers to the organizations group of networks allows the network administrator to incorporate the changes on the user’s system. The group policy further enable administrator to centrally configure computer settings denying permission to the user in making any additional changes.

Installing Windows Live OneCare: It enables its own unique firewall that is managed by OneCare. The newly employed firewall replaces the existing Windows Firewall by automatically disabling it. Once, the OneCare Firewall is installed, it is automatically registered with the Windows Security Center. The security center runs on the background and monitors the state of security in the system and detects if firewall is turned on.

Additional firewall program being installed: Deploying multiple firewalls within the same system can create problems such as network traffic to be blocked, and improper functioning of the programs. In contrast, if the functioning firewall is a Non-Microsoft Firewall program, it further prevents the conflicts within the system by disabling Windows Firewall. Users can enable security auditing to identify the activity that turns Windows Firewall off.

Solutions to tackle frequent Windows Firewall turning off

Firstly, user should scan the device with antivirus software to detect any suspicious malware within the system. The scan can be completed with the following command: run system file checker or sfc/scan now. Then, open Windows start tab and type services.msc command to redirect to the services page and set Windows Firewall to automatic. User should further check if the Remote Procedure Call Service and the Base Filtering Engine Service is adjusted to automatic.

Ensure that Windows Firewall Authorization Driver is running in the background. This can be done through typing devmgmt.msc command line. Users can also view hidden devices along with the connected ones.

Alternative solution is to run Group Policy Tool to ensure if any other firewall is blocking it. The steps in running Group Policy include: firstly, open an elevated command prompt window, than type the following command gpresult –z and select Enter. Running the Windows Firewall Troubleshooter can contribute to resolve the firewall issue. When running a Troubleshooter, the ATS from Microsoft will automatically repair and fix firewall problems. It usually comes inbuilt with Windows or can be configured when required. After all, reset the Windows Firewall setting to default and try rebooting the system.

The pre-installed firewall utility offers robust security to the system at large. Unless the need for troubleshooting an issue or installing another firewall, it is highly recommended not to disable the existing Firewall.