Role of Digital Technology in Law Enforcement
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Role of Digital Technology in Law Enforcement

By CIOReview | Tuesday, January 3, 2023

Law enforcement departments optimize their procedures to better manage novel incidents and criminal activities through digital twins, computer vision, smart device data, and robotics.

FREMONT, CA: Industries are digitalizing much of their processes. Law enforcement departments are dealing with criminal procedures and administrative tasks to improve accuracy and efficiency. Policing efforts incorporate artificial intelligence (AI), automation, big data, and virtual reality (VR) to deal with newer criminal activities.

Digital adoption in police departments and intelligence agencies mitigates safety challenges.

Smart device data: Smart devices offer law enforcement access to data through the internet of things (IoT). Devices like smart video doorbells and voice assistants record surrounding activities. Detectives and courts rely on the footage from IoT devices for evidence. Fitness trackers and digital assistants like Alexa can assist investigations as sources of recorded data. The smart city functions aid in digital solutions to enforce the law and local safety.

Computer vision enables enforcers to identify vehicles and drivers through automatic license plate recognition (ALPR) applications. In lie detectors, computer vision can track and analyze the subject's eyes and facial movements and help facial recognition and tracking suspects. Developers are also integrating machine learning to analyze video footage to predict criminal activities based on the concentration of people in the environment, traffic, weather, and objects.

Robotics: Robotic probes and machines are important in neutralizing risky environments and incidents. Investigation units and police departments employ robots to diffuse bombs and investigate suspicious packages and dangerous items. Newer models are capable of greater autonomy. Unlike previous designs, robotics can function without human handlers in proximity. Handlers can supervise robotic functions through VR-integrated headsets. Police departments utilize lidar-integrated robotic dogs in surveillance. Thermal camera-equipped robots can be useful in hostage situations and navigating dark environments.

Digital twins: IoT-based digital twin applications combine data from multiple sources of a geographical location. It integrates data collected from various IoT devices to accurately generate a map for law enforcement departments to survey. Security teams can map calls, and interactions, allocate police resources, and suspected and potential threats. It provides real-time updates through visual data and analytics platforms. Through accessible, real-time information, the police can distribute their resources and plan their response to emergencies and incidents.