Some of the Main Types of Network Topology
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Some of the Main Types of Network Topology

By CIOReview | Tuesday, November 2, 2021

Depending on the network size, operations, and business goals of an organization, there are several types of network topology to choose from.

Fremont, CA:The organization of various network components, such as nodes, links, and devices, and how they collaborate is referred to as network topology. It can be used to specify how various communications networks, such as computer networks, command and control radio networks, and industrial field buses, are configured. Network topology is useful for visualizing networks, monitoring devices, and diagnosing network problems.

Here are some types of network topology:

Star topology

All nodes or systems are connected directly to a central hub by coaxial, fiber-optic, or twisted-pair cables in this network topology. The central node serves as a server and is in charge of handling data transmission regularly to prevent data leakage.

Bus topology

Bus topology, also known as backbone or line topology, connects each device in a network to a single wire that goes in a single direction with the network. Data also flows linearly along the cable route in this network topology.

Mesh topology

Mesh topology creates a web-like structure in which devices are connected directly, flexibly, or non-hierarchically to as many devices as feasible to improve data transfer. Or, to put it another way, they're connected in full mesh or partial mesh. Partial mesh connects devices with two to three connections, whereas complete mesh connects all of the devices in the network. Data is either routed or flooded in this type of network topology. Routing is how nodes use routing logic to determine the shortest path to the packet's destination. On the other side, without routing logic, data is flooded to various nodes in the network.

Ring topology

All of the nodes in this design are connected in a circle. Data is transmitted in one or both directions in this case.  Half-duplex data transmission occurs in only one direction, either clockwise or counterclockwise. However, ring topology can be converted to full-duplex or dual-ring topology. Data is transmitted in anticlockwise and clockwise directions in this scenario, with two concentric rings or cables linking each node. It is used to prevent data loss when the main ring fails. Users can configure their network and monitor the rest of the devices in this network topology by selecting a node.