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Types of Data Security Technology

By CIOReview | Friday, April 9, 2021

Authentication is the process of checking the user's login data (passwords, biometrics, and so on.) to ensure sure they are. It is one of the most critical aspects of the data security strategy because it is a frontline defense against unwanted access to sensitive information.

FREMONT, CA: Data security is a mechanism for shielding confidential information from unauthorized entry. It contains all the various cyber protection practices that you use to protect the data from abuse, such as encryption, access controls (physical and digital), and more. Data security has always been critical. But since more people operate remotely due to the global health crisis (and cloud use has skyrocketed to match), there are more possibilities for unwanted access to the data than ever before.

Types of Data Security Technologies

There are many different technologies that one can use to encrypt their records. They will want to use as many of them to ensure that all possible access points are secured.

Authentication

Authentication is the process of checking the user's login data (passwords, biometrics, and so on.) to ensure sure they are. It is one of the most critical aspects of the data security strategy because it is a frontline defense against unwanted access to sensitive information. Authentication is conceptually clear, but it is challenging to get correct from a technical perspective on a scale. However, emerging technology such as Single Sign-On (SSO), Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA), and broken password recognition makes it easier than ever to secure authentication without losing user experience.

Encryption

Data encryption scrambles secret information with an algorithm such that someone can't read it without the precise information (encryption key) needed to unravel it. It is a handy data protection tool, and it means that if anyone has unwanted access to the information, they will not be able to use it.

Ensure that the encryption keys are kept safe and that access to them is restricted to a few individuals as possible.

Tokenization

Tokenization is analogous to encryption. However, instead of scrambling the data with an algorithm, tokenization substitutes the data with random characters. The relationship to the original data ('token') is then stored in a separate secure database table.

Data Masking

Data masking does not turn the data into an intermediate type but is accomplished by 'masking' the data characters with proxy characters. Software reverses it after it has been shipped to its final destination.

See Also: Top Cloud Security Solution Companies