What is the Impact of Digitalization on Construction?
The advancements in technologies have caused a paradigm shift in the construction industry. This year might witness a further progression with widespread deployment of Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, and Automation in Construction projects, offering more reliable infrastructure.
FREMONT, CA: Construction technologies have driven this industry to build smarter and stronger structures globally. Whether it is the cloud-platform or construction robots, these new-age technologies are the primary drivers towards a more digital urban space.
This post will give a walkthrough to the some of the trending technologies in the construction industry.
Today, Artificial Intelligence (AI) based solutions have plenty to offer to the construction industry. One of the most beneficial tools, assisting construction projects, is Building Information Modeling (BIM). This progressive model of 3D modeling has already become operational in this industry. AI facilitates in creating alternative building designs and optimizes this process. Additionally, AI allows the engineers to access other feasible options and therefore improve the decision-making. As AI automates several tasks, it shrinks the pressure of human workers significantly, by forecasting probable risks, providing solutions to limit them, and supervising the issues in case of their occurrence, helping in mitigating risk and improving project planning.
For seamlessly performing a construction project, transparent and proper communication among the individuals engaged with the project, is vital. A large number of people often work in silos, which leads to miscommunication, making it challenging for the project to run smoothly. The cloud solutions offer collaborative services to ensure proper communication, on and off construction sites. Using the cloud-based collaboration tools, every piece of information is available to all the parties, whereby they can access the designs and related information readily and make informed decisions. The engineers, contractors, and developers can now monitor the workflows through a single integrated platform. Moreover, cloud solutions have made it easy to achieve real-time participation and partnership, which is a big leap for the construction industry.
The days of paper drawings are now gone, as digital models promise to offer better and more accurate results. 3D models and BIM are widely accelerating the digitization in this field. The paper drawings are usually not very reliable and fit for construction. Here BIM offers next-gen effects to allow ‘truly constructible models’. Tekla Structures is one of the best examples that facilitate the building of constructible models, by enabling the creation, management, and sharing of 'multi-material 3D models with adequate construction-related information. Further improvisation has brought in 5-dimensional features that include additional factors of time and cost, making construction cost-effective and well managed.
The increasing demand for fast and reliable construction has vitalized the deployment of robots in this industry. Millions of robots are functioning in the construction field today, with governments keen on investing more in this technology. In vogue are Logistics Robots, Autonomous Drones, Collaborative Robots, and other relevant robots. Out of all, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) are widely in use. They have made site surveys more accurate and faster today. Further, the headways in drone technologies have improved the accuracy more, that permits to reduce the human intervention. Drones serve more than just hazard locators and help in achieving sustainable and safe construction of critical structures on fragile and rough terrain.
Internet of Things (IoT)
IoT has introduced sensors that the industry can execute for seamless connectivity across multiple departments within the construction industry. Today wearables are more serviceable as they have sensors mounted on them, preferably on the hats of the workers. Implementing these sensors capture vibrations, noises, and other indicators from the sites and makes it easy to assess and predict any risk or damage and ensure prompt response to accidents. Besides, the IoT sensors help to watch employee movements, fleet management, on-time deliveries, to improve deadline-based target achievement. Therefore, not just the infrastructure of smart cities requires tech-savviness, but their construction also needs to be a smart one.
These technologies are reshaping the construction industry, specifically in developing countries like India. More focus rests on a data-driven, analytic, and digitally connected approach to centralize the construction management. Integrating these advanced technologies in construction not just reduces manual intervention but makes the process more cost-efficient, smart, and sustainable.