Why Enterprises Prefer AI for Securing Critical Infrastructure?

By CIOReview | Wednesday, September 18, 2019

Overcoming the critical Infrastructure challenges by leveraging Artificial Intelligence helps secure a safe future.

FREMONT, CA: Critical infrastructure is nothing but a system that enables the Nation to deliver suitable necessities, which comprises clean water, safe food, and energy. Critical infrastructure also includes delivery mechanisms like air travel, highway transportation, and intermodal cargo shipping. These are known as the veins of the Nation, that provides lifeblood. Critical infrastructure not only provides power and connectivity that allows people to connect with family and friends but also by providing a helping hand by delivering life-saving information during any natural disasters. The people who are responsible for the Nation's safety are doing an amazing job with the tools they possess. However, some of these tools are outdated role-based access control, low-resolution video games, and limited analytics capabilities. Due to this, they cannot share any critical information across data silos or intelligently adapt to risk in the real-time.

Modern Challenges need Modern Solutions

Most of the critical infrastructure is public-facing. Many of them are near or in the major metropolitan areas. They are old, overloaded, and maxed out.  When these systems were originally put up, no one knew that these constructed designs would cause trouble to the domestic group and also attack the government facilities and law enforcement. As the systems struggle to cope with the technology trends, the threats have only increased. Initially, these facilities were under control and protected by access control, video surveillance, and perimeter systems that are at present, outdated. But, many of the organizations today still rely on the legacy systems by a basic set of rules that are applied irrespective of the situation. Considering these, the video solutions are improving but still typically evaluated separately from the core control system and operated in a vacuum. Static and siloed, both these systems are unable to adapt to a modifying ecosystem dynamically. They also lack intelligence, without which it is difficult to offer actionable guidance to overcome risk. As a result of this, the security officers are dumped with data but cannot increase situational awareness due to the lack of the right tools. Risk measurement, adaptivity, and evaluation are the major keys to enhance the security for critical infrastructure.

Intelligence and Adaptivity: Essentials  for a stronger security

At present, technology can get the whole information from all key security sub-systems and delivers real-time proactive situational awareness to security operators. Data is aggregated from different origins, such as access control, intrusion, video, perimeter solutions, entrance control, threat notification systems, weather, and social media. Modern security intelligence solutions can segregate in to score and evaluate the data. This helps the users to detect the threat even before it's too late to detect by the humans. The ability to identify enhanced risk allows the systems to adapt and adjust to a threat automatically or by means of human interactions to ensure the new levels of life safety and security measures. Over the past few days, a series of critical threats have largely increased the risk facility.

1. Weather Threats

Geospatial mapping, along with the connectivity to weather information, will alert the users that the facility is in the path of a hurricane. This will enable automated security and operation steps by increasing the overall threat assessment for the facility. It could involve issuing a mobile alert to send non-essential staff home early or shutting down of a vulnerable section of the facility, by reducing or switching the load elsewhere.

2. Insider Threats

Threat source data and social media activity show an enhanced risk of insider threat to the facility. In response to this, the security measures on the system adapt, adjusting the threat level, and automating precautionary measures. Considering that certain employees may be flagged and more closely scrutinized,  the users visiting the screens will increase. Perimeter entrance could be adjusted, and more authorization procedures may also be included.

3. Cyber Terrorism Threats:

Unusual cyber activity is identified, triggering the other set of adaptive responses. The system can detect unusual activity or behavior of whoever might show a red flag. As the threats increases, the system posture will continue to adapt by alerting security of unusual activity.

These steps are applicable only to a wide variety of facilities, comprising energy, power distribution, military, and even airport.

The ability to evaluate and aggregate data sources and identifying the threats in advance turns the static data into actionable intelligence that can save lives. At present, we see an Artificial Intelligence (AI) revolution in security platforms that augments human capabilities and helps to observe the world differently. The AI-powered platform has been developed to work across varied physical environments. They use this new advancement in the areas of access control, Internet of Things (IoT), video analytics, and others to protect the humans into a new world of safety and security by protecting the citizens and the country.